Extracting intensity of a map along a line

In this example we will extract the intensity values of all the pixels that intersect with a given set of coordinates.

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

import astropy.units as u
from astropy.coordinates import SkyCoord

import sunpy.map
from sunpy.data.sample import AIA_171_ROLL_IMAGE

First we construct a map, using some sample data.

aia_map = sunpy.map.Map(AIA_171_ROLL_IMAGE)

Next we define a path in a SkyCoord object. In this example we are just going to use a straight line defined by two points. However a path with any number of points and any shape can be used.

line_coords = SkyCoord([-1024, -908], [20, 633], unit=(u.arcsec, u.arcsec),
                       frame=aia_map.coordinate_frame)

Next we call the sunpy.map.extract_along_coord function with the map and the coordinates we want to extract. This function returns two items, the first is a numpy array of all the intensities and the second is a SkyCoord object of the same length, which describes the world coordinates of each pixel that has been extracted.

intensity, intensity_coords = sunpy.map.extract_along_coord(aia_map, line_coords)

Next we will calculate the angular separation between the first point and every other coordinate we extracted. We are doing this to give us a meaningful x-axis for our line plot below.

Finally let’s plot the results.

fig = plt.figure()
ax1 = fig.add_subplot(121, projection=aia_map)
aia_map.plot(axes=ax1)
ax1.plot_coord(intensity_coords)
ax1.plot_coord(line_coords[0], marker="o", color="blue", label="start")
ax1.plot_coord(line_coords[1], marker="o", color="green", label="end")
ax1.legend()

ax2 = fig.add_subplot(122)
ax2.plot(angular_separation, intensity)
ax2.set_xlabel("Angular distance along slit [arcsec]")
ax2.set_ylabel(f"Intensity [{aia_map.unit}]")

plt.show()
AIA $171 \; \mathrm{\mathring{A}}$ 2014-04-09 06:00:12

Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 1.079 seconds)

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