Histograming map data#

How to inspect the histogram of the data of a map.

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np

import astropy.units as u
from astropy.coordinates import SkyCoord

import sunpy.map
from sunpy.data.sample import AIA_171_IMAGE

We start with the sample data and create a cutout.

aia = sunpy.map.Map(AIA_171_IMAGE)
bottom_left = SkyCoord(-300 * u.arcsec, 0 * u.arcsec, frame=aia.coordinate_frame)
top_right = SkyCoord(100 * u.arcsec, 400 * u.arcsec, frame=aia.coordinate_frame)
aia_smap = aia.submap(bottom_left, top_right=top_right)
aia_smap.plot()
AIA $171 \; \mathrm{\mathring{A}}$ 2011-06-07 06:33:02
<matplotlib.image.AxesImage object at 0x7f2a74a49870>

The image of a GenericMap is always available in the data attribute. Map also provides shortcuts to the image minimum and maximum values. Let’s create a histogram of the data in this submap.

num_bins = 50
bins = np.linspace(aia_smap.min(), aia_smap.max(), num_bins)
hist, bin_edges = np.histogram(aia_smap.data, bins=bins)

Let’s plot the histogram as well as some standard values such as mean upper, and lower value and the one-sigma range.

fig, ax = plt.subplots()
# Note that we have to use ``.ravel()`` here to avoid matplotlib interpreting each
# row in the array as a different dataset to histogram.
ax.hist(aia_smap.data.ravel(), bins=bins, label='Histogram', histtype='step')
ax.set_xlabel('Intensity')
ax.axvline(aia_smap.min(), label=f'Data min={aia_smap.min():.2f}', color='black')
ax.axvline(aia_smap.max(), label=f'Data max={aia_smap.max():.2f}', color='black')
ax.axvline(aia_smap.data.mean(),
           label=f'mean={aia_smap.data.mean():.2f}', color='green')
one_sigma = np.array([aia_smap.data.mean() - aia_smap.data.std(),
                      aia_smap.data.mean() + aia_smap.data.std()])
ax.axvspan(one_sigma[0], one_sigma[1], alpha=0.3, color='green',
           label=f'mean +/- std = [{one_sigma[0]:.2f}, {one_sigma[1]:.2f}]')
ax.axvline(one_sigma[0], color='green')
ax.axvline(one_sigma[1], color='red')
ax.set_yscale('log')
ax.legend(loc=9)
map data histogram
<matplotlib.legend.Legend object at 0x7f2a76fba470>

Finally let’s overplot the one-sigma contours.

fig = plt.figure()
ax = fig.add_subplot(projection=aia_smap)
aia_smap.plot(axes=ax)
levels = one_sigma / aia_smap.max() * u.percent * 100
aia_smap.draw_contours(axes=ax, levels=levels, colors=['blue'])
plt.show()
AIA $171 \; \mathrm{\mathring{A}}$ 2011-06-07 06:33:02

Total running time of the script: (0 minutes 0.822 seconds)

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