Loading an HMI synoptic map#

In this example we load a synoptic map produced by the HMI team. This data is an interesting demonstration of sunpy’s Map class as it is not in the more common Helioprojective coordinate system, but in heliographic Carrington coordinates and a cylindrical equal area (CEA) projection.

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

from astropy.utils.data import download_file

import sunpy.map

Download the file and read it into a Map.

filename = download_file(
    'http://jsoc.stanford.edu/data/hmi/synoptic/hmi.Synoptic_Mr.2191.fits', cache=True)
syn_map = sunpy.map.Map(filename)

Plot the results.

fig = plt.figure(figsize=(12, 5))
ax = plt.subplot(projection=syn_map)
im = syn_map.plot(axes=ax)

ax.coords[0].set_axislabel("Carrington Longitude [deg]")
ax.coords[1].set_axislabel("Latitude [deg]")

ax.coords.grid(color='black', alpha=0.6, linestyle='dotted', linewidth=0.5)

cb = plt.colorbar(im, fraction=0.019, pad=0.1)
cb.set_label(f"Radial magnetic field [{syn_map.unit}]")

# In order to make the x-axis ticks show, the bottom y-limit has to be adjusted slightly
             f"Carrington rotation {syn_map.meta['CAR_ROT']}")

Carrington Synoptic Chart Of Br Field, Carrington rotation 2191
INFO: Missing metadata for solar radius: assuming the standard radius of the photosphere. [sunpy.map.mapbase]

Total running time of the script: (0 minutes 2.136 seconds)

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