Drawing a latitude-longitude quadrangle

How to draw a latitude-longitude quadrangle on a map.

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

import astropy.units as u
from astropy.coordinates import SkyCoord

import sunpy.map
from sunpy.coordinates import HeliographicStonyhurst
from sunpy.data.sample import AIA_171_IMAGE

The purpose of this example is to demonstrate how to draw a quadrangle on a map using draw_quadrangle(). A quadrangle has edges aligned with lines of constant latitude and longitude in some coordinate system. We start with the sample AIA image.

aia = sunpy.map.Map(AIA_171_IMAGE)

Now let’s define the bottom-left corner of the quadrangle. Note that we define it in a different coordinate frame (heliographic Stonyhurst) than the coordinate frame of the map (which is helioprojective Cartesian).

bottom_left = SkyCoord(30*u.deg, -10*u.deg,
                       frame=HeliographicStonyhurst, obstime=aia.date)

Now let’s draw a quadrangle on the map, with a width of 20 degrees and a height of 60 degrees. Because the coordinate frame of bottom_left is in HeliographicStonyhurst, the width and height correspond to the longitude and latitude directions, respectively, in that coordinate frame.

fig = plt.figure()
ax = plt.subplot(projection=aia)
aia.plot(clip_interval=(1, 99.99)*u.percent)
aia.draw_grid()
aia.draw_quadrangle(bottom_left, width=20*u.deg, height=60*u.deg,
                    edgecolor='blue', linewidth=2)
ax.plot_coord(bottom_left, 'x', color='red')

plt.show()
AIA $171 \; \mathrm{\mathring{A}}$ 2011-06-07 06:33:02

Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 1.170 seconds)

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