"""
=======================
Radial Gradient Filters
=======================
This example applies both the normalizing radial gradient (`sunkit_image.radial.nrgf`) filter and Fourier
normalizing radial gradient filter (`sunkit_image.radial.fnrgf`) to a sunpy map.
"""
# sphinx_gallery_thumbnail_number = 3
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import astropy.units as u
import sunpy.data.sample
import sunpy.map
import sunkit_image.radial as radial
from sunkit_image.utils import equally_spaced_bins
###########################################################################
# Sunpy's sample data contain a number of suitable FITS files for this purpose.
aia_map = sunpy.map.Map(sunpy.data.sample.AIA_171_IMAGE)
# The original image is plotted to showcase the difference.
fig = plt.figure()
ax = plt.subplot(projection=aia_map)
aia_map.plot()
###########################################################################
# Both the NRGF and FNRGF work on radial segments above their application radius.
# Here we create those segments radial segments. Each segment created will be of
# equal dimensions radially. The distance between 1 solar radii and 2 solar radii
# is divided into 100 equal parts by the following two lines.
radial_bin_edges = equally_spaced_bins()
radial_bin_edges *= u.R_sun
# The NRGF filter is applied after it.
out1 = radial.nrgf(aia_map, radial_bin_edges)
# The NRGF filtered map is plotted.
# The image seems a little washed out so you may need to change some plotting settings
# for a clearer output.
fig = plt.figure()
ax = plt.subplot(projection=out1)
out1.plot()
###########################################################################
# We will need to work out a few parameters for the FNRGF.
# Order is the number of Fourier coefficients to be used in the approximation.
# The attentuation coefficient are calculated to be linearly decreasing, you should
# choose them according to your requirements.
order = 20
attenuation_coefficients = radial.set_attenuation_coefficients(order)
# The FNRGF filter is applied after it.
out2 = radial.fnrgf(aia_map, radial_bin_edges, order, attenuation_coefficients)
# The FNRGF filtered map is plotted.
fig = plt.figure()
ax = plt.subplot(projection=out2)
out2.plot()
# All the figures are plotted.
plt.show()